Friday, December 27, 2019

Cognitive Confusions Between Imagination And Memory

This is explained by Schacter and Loftus, â€Å"Moreover, neuroimaging studies have also shown that cognitive confusions between imagination and memory sometimes reflect increased activity in regions associated with visual imagery during memory encoding or retrieval. These findings provide information concerning the neural basis of imagination and memory that could be helpful in further developing jury instructions that explain how and why the former can be mistaken for the latter,† (Schacter Loftus 121). Although neuroimaging of false memories research has come a long way Schacter and Loftus are still skeptical of how accurate and useful it will be in the courtroom. However, imaging of the brain has been used as evidence so neuroimaging has already been used to prove a poor brain state (used in a Florida murder trial) in the courtroom. Mark L. Howe and Martin A. Conway’s article Memory and the Law: Insights from Case Studies discusses how memories that have to be recalled or often not properly encoded because the memory took place during a time of extreme stress or under the influence of drugs or alcohol. This is difficult when memory is often an important piece of evidence in a trial, but due to a chance of failure in encoding or retrieval it is not always the most reliable evidence therefore it should be supplemented with more reliable evidence. Joyce W. Lacey and Craig E. L. Stark’s article The Neuroscience of Memory: Implications for the Courtroom discusses like Howe andShow MoreRelatedA False Memory Is The Recollection Of An Event That Never1361 Words   |  6 PagesA false memory is the recollection of an event that never occurred. Formation of false memories happens due to a variety of factors, including hypnosis, source confusion, and suggestion (Gray and Bjorklund, 2014). 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